For the build of your armour for buhurt there are different types of material to choose from. There is mild steel, tempered (hardened) steel and titanium. Every metrial got his own benefits and cons in price, absorbsion, weight, etc. We will explain it to you here.
Mild steel is a type of carbon steel with a low amount of carbon – it is actually also known as “low carbon steel.” Although ranges vary depending on the source, the amount of carbon typically found in mild steel is 0.05% to 0.25% by weight, whereas higher carbon steels are typically described as having a carbon content from 0.30% to 2.0%. If any more carbon than that is added, the steel would be classified as cast iron.
Mild steel is not an alloy steel and therefore does not contain large amounts of other elements besides iron; you will not find vast amounts of chromium, molybdenum, or other alloying elements in mild steel. Since its carbon and alloying element content are relatively low, there are several properties it has that differentiate it from higher carbon and alloy steels.
Less carbon means that mild steel is typically more ductile, machinable, and weldable than high carbon and other steels, however, it also means it is nearly impossible to harden and strengthen through heating.
Hardened / tempered steel
When you require steel parts with high hardness (ability to resist penetration) and high toughness (ability to absorb energy before fracture) tempering the steel is the option avaiable for you.
The steel heat treatment process in which steel is heated to a certain temperature than cooled rapidly (quencing) in water, oil etc. This process make the steel hard but at the same time it becomes brittle. In order to increase the toughness of the part it is heat treated again and the process is called tempering of steel. During the tempering proces, steel is heated to a temperature well below the quenching temperature and than allowed to cool slowly this induce toughness in the part. As a result, you will get a steel part that is not only hard but tough as well.
Alloys containing titanium are known for their high strength, low weight, and exceptional corrosion resistance. Despite being as strong as steel, titanium is about 40% lighter in weight. This, along with its resistance to cavitation (rapid pressure changes, that cause shock waves, which can weaken or damage metal over time) and erosion, makes it an essential structural metal for aerospace engineers. Titanium is also formidable in its resistance to corrosion by both water and chemical media. This resistance is the result of a thin layer of titanium dioxide (TiO2) that forms on its surface that is extremely difficult for these materials to penetrate. Titanium has a low modulus of elasticity. This means that titanium is very flexible, and can return to its original shape after bending.
So in short. Mild steel is not as hard and tough as hardened steel but also less expensive because of the lack of tempering proces. Titanium is lighter then steel but also much more expensive for building your kit. Titanium has also the ability to be flexible where hardened is not. It’s up to the fighter to choose for flexible and light weight against the tough, cheaper but heavier steel. For buhurt often you see a combination of the metals used where in duel the fighter prefers titanium because of the lighter hits and higher movability.